Chloroplast-derived photo-oxidative stress causes changes in H2O2 and EGSH in other subcellular compartments

Metabolic fluctuations in chloroplasts and mitochondria can trigger retrograde signals to modify nuclear gene expression. Mobile signals likely to be involved are reactive oxygen species (ROS), which can operate protein redox switches by oxidation of specific cysteine residues. Redox buffers such as the highly reduced glutathione pool serve as reservoirs of reducing power for several ROS…