Primate innate immune responses to bacterial and viral pathogens reveals an evolutionary trade-off between strength and specificity

Despite their close genetic relatedness, apes and African and Asian monkeys (AAMs), strongly differ in their susceptibility to severe bacterial and viral infections that are important causes of human disease. Such differences between humans and other primates are thought to be a result, at least in part, of inter-species differences in immune response to infection. However, due to the lack of…