Volatile Anesthetic Sevoflurane Attenuates Toll-Like… : Anesthesia & Analgesia

sues to initiate immune responses. Among the TLR family, TLR2 and TLR4 recognize a wide range of ligands and are considered to be important players in perioperative pathophysiology. Based on our recent finding that volatile anesthetics modulate TLR4 function, we tested our hypothesis that they would also modulate TLR2 function. METHODS: The effect of anesthetics isoflurane, sevoflurane,…